puzzle picture
1856: Coronavirus Binder Design: Round 12
Status: Closed

Summary

Name: 1856: Coronavirus Binder Design: Round 12
Status: Closed
Created: 06/25/2020
Points: 100
Expired: 07/02/2020 - 23:00
Difficulty: Intermediate
Description: Design a binder against coronavirus! Now the Buried Unsats Objective has been reactivated and will incur a 60 pt penalty for each BUNS atom. If your designed protein creates Buried Unsats, then it will be less likely to fold and bind to the coronavirus target. (Note that this target protein includes 8 buried unsats that players may be unable to fix.) See the blog for more details about buried unsats, and for helpful tips to make a successful protein binder! Players may not load solutions from previous puzzles.

In late 2019, a new highly-infections virus emerged out of Wuhan, China. This virus belongs to the coronavirus family, and is similar to the virus that caused the SARS epidemic in 2002. Coronaviruses display a "spike" protein on their surface, which binds tightly to a receptor protein found on the surface of human cells. Once the coronavirus spike binds to the human receptor, the virus can infect the human cell and replicate. In recent weeks, researchers have determined the structure of the 2019 coronavirus spike protein and how it binds to human receptors. If we can design a protein that binds to this coronavirus spike protein, it could be used to block the interaction with human cells and halt infection!

In this puzzle, players are presented with the binding site of the coronavirus spike protein. The backbone and most of the sidechains are completely frozen, except for flexible sidechains at the binding site, where the spike protein normally interacts with the human receptor protein. Players can design a new protein that binds to these sidechains, blocking interactions with the human receptor. In order to bind the coronavirus target, designs will need to make lots of hydrophobic contacts and H-bonds with the flexible sidechains at the binding site. But designs will also need to have lots of secondary structure (helices or sheets) and a large core, so that they fold up correctly! See the puzzle comments for Objective details.
Categories: Design, Overall

Top Groups

RankGroupScorePoints
1Go Science14,981100
2Gargleblasters14,76377
3Anthropic Dreams14,63258
4Contenders14,56843
5L'Alliance Francophone14,54331

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Comments

bkoep's picture
User offline. Last seen 8 hours 22 min ago. Offline
Joined: 11/15/2012
Groups: Foldit Staff
Objectives

Buried Unsats (max +20)
Penalizes 60 points for each polar atom that cannot make any hydrogen bonds. Note that the frozen target includes 8 buried unsats that may be impossible for players to satisfy.

Residue Count (max +275)
Penalizes extra residues inserted beyond the 177, at a cost of 55 points per residue. Players may use up to 182 residues in total.

Core Existence (max +2400)
Ensures that at least 25 percent of residues are buried in the core of the monomer unit.

Ideal Loops (max +500)
Penalizes any loop region that does not match one of the Building Blocks in the Blueprint tool. Use "Auto Structures" to see which regions of your protein count as loops.

SS Design (max +500)
Penalizes all CYS residues. Penalizes GLY, ALA residues in sheets and helices.

WakeOwl's picture
User offline. Last seen 1 day 15 hours ago. Offline
Joined: 06/04/2020
Groups: None
Buried Unsats (max +20)

Since no one mentioned it yet: satisfying polar atoms on the target grants an additional +60.
Therefore, the max would presumably be 500 bonus points.

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Developed by: UW Center for Game Science, UW Institute for Protein Design, Northeastern University, Vanderbilt University Meiler Lab, UC Davis
Supported by: DARPA, NSF, NIH, HHMI, Amazon, Microsoft, Adobe, RosettaCommons